When buying a piano do not forget that you are buying a musical instrument which must be made of selected natural materials and constructed by skilled technicians in order to produce the results necessary for positive musical development. Pianos made of poor materials will age very quickly, loose their value and simply be frustrating to service and play.
There are hundreds of new piano brands in the world market. Australia only sees a few. If you wish to buy new buy quality. This is not easy to recongnise in a world of international production and marketing.
Pianos are not like "cars" or "computers". Pianos need selected natural materials. These materials are becoming very rare and are only used in top quality instruments.
NEW PIANOS MUST BE PLAYED IN BEFORE THEY REACHE THEIR FULL POTENTIAL.
MODERN MATERIALS SUCH AS PLASTICS AND MDF DO NOT LAST AND LACK THE ACCOUSTIC QUALITIES OF A FINE MUSICAL INSTRUMENT.
General description of a good quality piano:
Keys shoulds be made of cross pine, designed to eliminate warping. Keybushing should use double woven cloth to ensure silent key movement and the keyboard itself should be damp-proofed. Each key consists of 60 to 70 action parts. Multiply this by 88 keys and that's around 6,000 parts in an action which must be perfectly syncronised. The action needs to have the precision of a clock. The most critical period of an action is in the first year of playing. During this period the felts will compact and the action will loose its precision. All manufacturers advise that a piano should be regulated after the initial playing period which could be from three to twelve months. A well maintained second hand piano should have been already regulated.
All wooden parts of the action should be sealed and damp-proofed, to give lasting protection in all climatic conditions. The piano's hammerheads must also be damp-proofed and covered with the finest wool felt to withstand willions of strokes without losing elasticity. The dampers should also be of the finest wool felt. All metal aprts of the action should be primed and sealed against corrosion. The piano should be kept closed when not in use to protect the action from dirt, dust and corrosion.
The pin block is copper beach laminated wood. If the pin block fails, the instrument is usually rendered worthless. Poor pin block make the piano tuners job very difficult. Driven into the pin block are the tuning pins which are usually nickel plated. It is worth remembering no oil or lubricant should ever be used to keep them shiny. Tha same goes with the strings.
The iron frame of a piano serves to support the pin block and pins and must take on the enormous tension of the strings - 17 to 22 tons. The surface of the frame is screwed into the braces by steel bolts. The soundboard of a pinao is responsible for producing beauty and balance of sound. Only the most refined well grained woods and materials should be used. It is an advantage for a soundbaord to have the capacity to expand. This gives greater tension and resonance. A poorly constructed laminated soundbaord, found in many low priced new pianos could produce unwanted noise and vibrations between the laminated wood.
Stability is critical in a piano. Poor stability in any part of the piano will also produce unwanted noise over time. A good keybed will use selected cross glued softwoods. The backposts give tuning stability and control. A quality cabinet will use a selection of quality laminated timbers and veneers.
New pianos can arrive damaged in their factory packed crates
All factories expect the dealers to unpack the new pianos and to make the necessary adjustments, including pre-delivery service and tuning.
You do not have to buy new. There is a very good selection of quality second hand pianos available in the market which are responsive and musical and will last the test of time.